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What is Acute/ Chronic/Recurrent Iridocyclitis?

Acute/ Chronic/Recurrent Iridocyclitis are sub-types of a condition called uveitis. Uveitis is a condition causing inflammation of the middle eye or uvea.

The uvea itself consists of three parts:

  • Iris: a Colored ring of tissue in the middle of the eye, and can be seen directly when you look in a mirror
  • Ciliary body: Part of the middle eye located behind the iris and not directly visible in a mirror
  • Choroid: Also part of the middle eye located behind the iris and not directly visible in a mirror

Iridocyclitis

Iridocyclitis is a type of anterior uveitis that involves the iris and ciliary body. It is a leading cause of visual impairment in many people. Symptoms include pain and redness in the eye, increased sensitivity to light, and blurry vision.

Types of iridocyclitis

  • Acute iridocyclitis: Sudden onset of inflammation of the iris and ciliary body. It may last for less than 3 months with the usual duration of around 6 weeks.
  • Chronic iridocyclitis: Persistent inflammation of the iris and ciliary body. The condition lasts more than 3 months, then recurs within 3 months of finishing treatment.
  • Recurrent iridocyclitis: Characterized by relapse and remission of the disorder.

Iridocyclitis is mainly treated using steroids. Anti-infective medications may be needed if an infection is present.

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